Rudolf Mihle was interested in preserving the history and memory of Czechoslovak and Czech amateur film. Thus, he decided to donate his written materials and films (reels, videotapes) to the National Film Archives (NFA) in 2000, eight years before his death.
- Praha, Prague, Czech Republic
In his work as an art historian, Milenković has focused on “utopic art projects, groups and individuals who share a vision of art as a spiritual practice that is capable of changing the world – these are predominantly conceptual artists and representatives of alternative culture.” He has published ten monographs on conceptual artists, among whom are Slavko Matković, Bálint Szombathy, Vujica Rešin Tucić, Vladimir Kopicl, Slobodan Šijan and Božidar Mandić. He is one of the curators of the exhibition Examples of Invisible Art (Digitalizing the Collection of Conceptual Art of MCAV).
Milenković describes the neo-avantgarde scene of the 1970s in Novi Sad as the main subject of his professional interest “because it is one of those rare periods in Yugoslav and Serbian culture when local art and culture are side by side with many contemporary trends in the global scene.”
- Novi Sad, Serbia
Era Milivojević was born in 1944 in Užiće. In 1971, he graduated in painting at the Academy of Fine Arts in Belgrade in the class of Professor Stojan Ćelić. He has participated in a large number of exhibitions and performances in Yugoslavia, Serbia and abroad. His works are displayed in museums and other public and private collections. Era Milivojević lives in Belgrade.
- Belgrade, Serbia
Tihomir Milovac is an art historian and ethnologist. During his studies, he participated in the work of the theatre group Coccolemocco in Zagreb, and upon finishing his studies he continued to work actively on the Croatian cultural scene. He started working in the Museum of Contemporary Art, then the Contemporary Art Gallery, in 1984. He is the head of the Department of Experimental Research and co-author of the Museum's permanent display. He is also a co-author of the catalogue "Mladen Stilinović: Exploitation of the Dead."
As a member of the theatre group Coccolemocco, in 1977 and 1978 he participated in the theatre show "One Day in the Life of Ignac Golob," which dealt with self-management, the position of the little man in relation to the authorities, and his private and professional life. According to Tihomir Milovac, the show demonstrated in a very clear way the hypocrisy of the then government and “the general idea of self-management, which fell apart and simply made no sense any more. Despite the problems with the Association of Veterans of the People's Liberation War (AVNLW), most of the art world supported the show and it was performed throughout Yugoslavia for two years.
Milovac believes that the cultural opposition in socialist Yugoslavia had several faces, in the sense that there was public cultural opposition and the concealed one which he calls - subversive. Those in the public opposition risked their professional careers and lives; this was primarily in the world of literature and theatre. Within the field of visual arts, which was more subversive, attempts were made to point to specific phenomena in society at that time through certain types of activism.
- Zagreb, Croatia
Cardinal József Mindszenty (1892–1975) was a Roman Catholic clergyman who became Archbishop of Esztergom immediately following the Second World War. He was a conservative clergyman and uncompromising opponent of both fascism and communism in Hungary for more than five decades. Politically active from the time of his ordination as a priest in 1915, Mindszenty was arrested as an enemy of totalitarian governments twice—at the time of the Hungarian Soviet Republic in 1919 and again during the period of pro-Nazi Arrow Cross rule in 1944. In 1945, he was appointed Primate of Hungary and Archbishop of Esztergom and in 1946 became a cardinal. Mindszenty’s refusal to permit the Roman Catholic schools of Hungary to be secularized prompted the communist government to arrest and torture him in 1948 and to condemn him to life in prison in 1949 on charges of treason. Minszenty was set free during the 1956 Hungarian Revolution and, when the communist government supported by a massive Soviet military invasion regained control of Hungary, he sought asylum at the U.S. embassy in Budapest. Mindszenty spent 15 years in voluntary confinement at the embassy, rejecting requests from the Vatican to leave Hungary and relenting only in 1971 at the entreaty of U.S. president Richard M. Nixon. Initially as a guest of the Vatican then while living in Vienna, he criticized the pope’s attempts to deal with Hungary’s communist régime and in 1974 was finally compelled to retire from his posts as archbishop and primate. During his last few years in the West, Mindszenty went on worldwide pastoral tours, visited Hungarian émigré communities and provided support for their churches as well as for the Hungarian Scout Association in Exteris through a number of significant donations. Mindszenety was originally buried in Austria, but in 1991, following the fall of Hungary’s communist government, he was reburied at Esztergom Basilica in northern Hungary.