Bethlen Gábor Foundation
The Gábor Bethlen Foundation was officially registered in 1985, though it has been active since 1980. In the autumn of 1979, István Bakos, a critical intellectual close to the nationalist-populist groups of the period, suggested that intellectuals establish a foundation to support Hungarian minority groups in the neighbouring socialist countries. Between Christmas 1979 and Easter 1980, 65 people joined this movement. They drafted a petition to establish the Gábor Bethlen Foundation (Gábor Bethlen was the ruler of Transylvania in the 17th century) and submitted the document to the minister of culture in April 1980, but the government refused to meet with the group. The first substantive discussion with cultural minister Imre Pozsgay took place only on 19 November 1982. Pozsgay guaranteed his support. On 5 May 1982, a Preparatory Committee was elected in the ‘Kárpátia Restaurant’ to create a draft of the Foundation’s regulations. However, Pozsgay was removed from his position, and the government took measures against the populist intellectuals, thus blocking the process again. In the summer of 1984, István Bakos and his associates asked János Kádár himself to help authorize the Foundation. Finally, on 11 May 1985, the minister of culture officially affirmed the Foundation. Economist János Márton became its first president, and Gáspár Nagy poet became the first secretary. On 29 January 1988, the Foundation became a legally functioning body.
Budapest Hernád utca 56, Hungary 1078
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- Pál, Zoltán