Louis Pavel was an Estonian painter. From 1935 he studied at the Pallas Higher Art School, but his studies remained uncompleted due to the war. Before the end of the Second World War, he joined German armed units, and was later sent to a Soviet prison camp. He came back to Estonia in 1946. Starting anew as an artist was difficult, he could not get his work into exhibitions. Therefore, he also worked as a forester and a sailor.
He was the father of the poet Indrek Hirv, and the partner of the artist Helgi Hirv.
Goran Pavelić Pipo was born in Zagreb in 1954. He graduated with a degree in English and phonetics at the Faculty of Humanities and Social Science in Zagreb, where he also earned a master’s degree in general linguistics. As of 1991, he was a member of the Croatian Army, and in 2012 he retired with the rank of colonel. Although retired, he continued to engage in photography. He received his first lesson in photography from his parents, who worked as professional photographers. He became more seriously involved in photography in 1974. He soon became a member of the editorial board of the youth magazine Polet, and as a photojournalist he began to keep track of events on the Yugoslav new wave scene.
The quality of his photos was recognized by other Yugoslav newspapers, which began to publish his photographs. For the younger generation, the first encounter with the new wave, besides music, was through the photography of Goran Pavelic Pipo. Photos like Azra's performance at Kulušić or Jura Stublić in front of the Zvečka café have become iconic because they best capture the spirit of the time. An essential determinant of the spirit at that time was the physical appearance of the youth, who were radically opposed to appearances promoted by the Communist Party. The picture of neatly dressed and combed youth was replaced by the image of sloppy and provocatively dressed youth who expressed their disgust with the regime through fashion. Goran Pavelić Pipo did not have conflicts with the regime, but certainly was an important protagonist on the alternative urban scene in Zagreb in the early 1980s.
- Zagreb, Croatia
Gintarė Paškevičiūtė-Breivienė is a doctor of medicine specialising in pediatric surgery. She is the daughter of of Aldona Liobytė. The private papers of Paškevičiūtė-Breivienė hold letters, drafts, manuscripts and photographs of Aldona Liobytė. Some of this material was published in the book Aldona Liobytė (1915–1985). Korespondencijos fragmentai (Aldona Liobytė [1915-1985]. Extracts from her Correspondence), published in 2015. Paškevičiūtė-Breivienė is one of the editors of the book.
- Vilnius , Lithuania
Dubravka Peić Čaldarović was born in Dubrava near Vrbovec in 1955. She graduated with a degree in history and sociology from the Faculty of Humanities and Social Science in Zagreb in 1980. In 1996, she earned a master’s degree from that Faculty’s History Department. As of 1986 she began working at the Museum of the Croatian People's Revolution in Zagreb, where she was the head of the Document and Stamp Collection. After the merger of the Museum of the Croatian People's Revolution and the Croatian Museum of History into the Croatian History Museum, she became the head of the Heraldry and Sigillography Collection. In early 2006, she became the manager of Documentary Collection II of the Croatian History Museum, which she still runs today. She is the author of several solo exhibitions and numerous catalogues published by the Croatian History Museum and other museums in Croatia. She was a representative of the Croatian History Museum in the educational projects organized by the Zagreb Museums to observe International Museum Day 1997–1998, and she has initiated numerous heraldic and genealogical museum workshops. She has participated in 17 scholarly and professional conferences in the field of heraldry, history and museology, of which ten were international. She is a member of several professional associations, such as the International Council of Museums (ICOM), the Croatian History Association and the Cultural Tourism Section of the Croatian Museum Society. She is also one of the founders of the Croatian Heraldry and Vexillology Association (Dubravka Peić Čaldarović).
- Zagreb, Croatia
He is considered to be one of the most important Serbian authors of the twentieth century.
He won the prestigious NIN Prize for the novel Hodočašće Arsenija Njegovana [The Pilgrimage of Arsenij Njegovan; also translated into English as Houses of Belgrade] in 1971 and a number of other awards: Sterija Theatre Award (1972), publishing association of Serbia award (1977), Radio Zagreb Award (1982), Annual Prize of the Writers’ Association of Serbia for his collected works (1985), Njegoš Prize (1987), Jakov Ignjatović Foundation Award (1991), and the Merit Order for the People with a Silver Star for contributions to cultural creativity.
Other well-known works include Zlatno runo [The Golden Fleece], Besnilo [Rabies], Odbrana i poslednji dani [The Defence and the Last Days], Kako upokojiti vampira [How to Quiet a Vampire], Atlantida [Atlantis], and Vreme čuda [The Time of Miracles].
Starting in 1945, still in his youth, Pekić joined a number of illegal youth opposition groups. The anti-communist activities of these groups consisted of distributing propaganda and publishing the opposition newspaper Democracy, demonstrating and passive resistance (including subscribing to the opposition press, celebrating Christmas and Easter, avoiding to take part in youth work actions). For these actions, Pekić and his like-minded friends were often physically assaulted, and eventually sentenced to prison in 1949.
The penalties for leaflet distribution and demonstrating were very harsh, but followed the politics of the years following the Tito–Stalin split, when the regime was particularly sensitive to any type of perceived threats, either inside or outside the country. Pekić was sentenced to fifteen years in prison, but he was released in 1953 during a general amnesty of political prisoners.
Due to his consistent oppositional stance, Pekić was stripped of his passport while planning to immigrate to London in 1970. While living without a passport and under investigation for a year, he was awarded the NIN Prize in 1971. Afterwards, his passport was returned and he left to meet his family who were living in London. Upon leaving the country, Yugoslav authorities declared him to be persona non grata and prevented his works from being published in Yugoslavia.
Pekić returned to Yugoslavia in the mid-1980s, by which time he had become a famous writer. He was soon admitted to the Serbian Academy of Sciences and Arts as a corresponding member, was elected as the Vice President of the Serbian PEN Centre, and became a member of the board of the Association of Writers of Serbia.At the beginning of the 1990s, when a multi-party system was established, Pekić dedicated himself to political activism. He contributed to the renewal of the Democratic Party as a co-founding member, vice president, and member of the board. Pekić regarded himself as a democrat and anti-communist. He participated in the massive protests against the authoritarian regime of Slobodan Milošević in 1991 and ran for local office on the list of the Democratic Party in Belgrade, which he lost to the extreme nationalist Vojislav Šešelj.
Pekić died of lung cancer in London in 1992.
- London, United Kingdom
Jiří Pelikán was a Czech journalist, communist functionary, exile politician and publisher of the quarterly “Listy”. He was born on 7 February 1923 in Olomouc as the son of the sculptor Julius Pelikán. He started studying at a grammar school in Olomouc but then joined the communist resistance during World War II and was imprisoned for several months by the Gestapo. He was released in 1941 and was hidden until the end of the war in an unknown place. After the war, he joined the communist youth movement and started studying at the Political and Social University. He was a secretary for the university’s committee of the Communist Party (1946-51) and a member of the board of the Regional Committee of the Communist Party in Prague. During the second half of the 1940s and during the 1950s, Pelikán held several other functions at various levels of the apparatus of the Party and its youth organisation. After February 1948, he was a member of the Action Committee of the National Front, responsible for the exclusion of thousands of university students based on their political views. He was a deputy in the National Assembly between 1948 and 1954 and later between 1964 and 1969. As general secretary of the Central Committee of the Czechoslovak Union of Youth (1953-55), he was the leader of the communist youth organisation; he was head of the International Union of Students between 1964 and 1969. Pelikán later became general director of Czechoslovak Television – from 1963 until October 1968 when he was forced to leave the position by the Soviets.
During the Prague Spring 1968, Pelikán was one of the active advocates for reforming the Party, he was, therefore, placed in a less high-profile position in the diplomatic service after the Soviet invasion and the beginning of Normalization. He worked as a cultural attaché at the Czechoslovak embassy in Rome; he refused to return to Czechoslovakia in 1969 and applied for political asylum in Italy.
He soon became involved in the exile activities in Italy. As a former active participant in the democratization processes during the Prague Spring, he started publishing the left-oriented magazine “Listy” in 1971. In the magazine, he endeavoured to truthfully and objectively inform people about public matters and political repression in Czechoslovakia, as well as give banned authors the opportunity to publish. He was granted Italian citizenship in 1977 and was a deputy of the European Parliament for the Italian Democratic Socialist Party (Partito Socialista Democratico Italiano) between 1979 and 1989. He was a very active participant in Czechoslovak exile activities. In 1986, he was a founding member of the Czechoslovak Documentation Centre of Independent Literature, which was founded in West Germany and led by the historian Vilém Prečan.After 1989, he lived in both Rome and Prague, where he also published “Listy” – the magazine has also had a Prague-based editorial board since 1990. Pelikán was the director of the East-West Institute in Rome from 1989. In 1990 and 1991, he was briefly an adviser to Václav Havel, the president of the Czech and Slovak Federation Republic. He was awarded the Medal of Merit in 1998. He died on 26 June 1999 in Rome.
- Metropolitan City of Rome, Rome, Italy
Anna Perczel (1942–) is a Hungarian architect. She graduated from the Faculty of Architecture at the Technical University of Budapest in 1967. From 1967 to 2004, Perczel worked as a settlement planner architect at the Institute of Town Planning of Budapest. She then began working at the Office of Research and Monuments of the Scientific and Designer Institute of Urban Construction. In the 1980s, she became one of the founders of the Danube Circle, an environmental protest movement. She deals with the historical districts of Budapest. She is one of the founders of the Caution Association (2004), which tries to protect the Jewish Quarter.
The story of his emigration encapsulates his relation to the regime. On receiving an invitation to a conference on art pedagogy in Germany, Perneczky was provided with a service passport. He was a journalist at a weekly literal journal at the time, and the chief editor handed him the passport in person, saying “I have heard from ‘upper places’ that they would not be angry if you were not return from this journey, even your family would not be put at any disadvantage.” The editor in chief also said that, in his opinion, “you are young, you are talented, you are single, so I am sure you will succeed.”
After emigrating, Perneczky continued his artistic work with Concept Art, but he soon became disillusioned with the elitist approach of the gallery system. At the same time, got acquainted himself with people from the alternative scene of artistic publishing, which seemed a viable parallel universe. He joined the global mail art network, which was evolving at the time, and this led him to archiving and collecting. He became an active theoretician of the movement as well.
For decades, he taught drawing in a secondary school. In addition to authoring an array of publications on modern art, he also does artistic work with painting, concept art, photography, visual poetry, and artist books. His works have been shown in exhibitions in Europe and America. In the meantime, he established and maintained the Soft Geometry Archive. The brand Soft Geometry also publishes his books and bookworks.
Ferdinand Peroutka was a Czech journalist, writer and dramatist. After the First World War, he worked as an editor-in-chief of the Tribuna journal, and later wrote commentaries for the newspaper Lidové Noviny. In 1924 he founded the revue Přítomnost, and worked as its editor-in-chief until 1939. Peroutka was also the author of several books, for example the unfinished work Budování státu (Building of the State) about the birth of the first Czechoslovak Republic. Upon the outbreak of the Second World War in 1939, Peroutka was arrested and held in Dachau and Buchenwald concentration camps until 1945. After the war, he was a member of the Czechoslovak Provisional National Assembly. Peroutka, who was an opponent of communism, was excluded from the Union of Czech Journalists and Union of Czech Writers in February 1948. Thus, he decided to emigrate to the West and he left Czechoslovakia in April 1948. He initially lived in Great Britain, and later moved to the USA. In the United States he participated in the foundation of Radio Free Europe, and in 1951 he was appointed director of its Czechoslovak section. He also became a member of the Council of Free Czechoslovakia, which represented Czechoslovak democratic politicians who left their country for exile after 1948. In exile, Peroutka continued with his literary activities as well. He published, among others, a novel entitled Oblak a valčík (The Cloud and the Waltz) based on his play of the same name. Nowadays, he is considered one of the most important Czech journalists of the twentieth century. Thus, since 1995 the “Ferdinand Peroutka Award” has been given to prominent journalists and publicists in the Czech Republic.
- New York, United States